United States today celebrate the Martin Luther King day, a date in which the country pays tribute to the leader of the civil rights movement and recalls his contribution to the country and all humanity. Martin Luther King Day is held the third Monday of January since 1986 when then-President Ronald Reagan declared that it would be festive in the United States.
The spirit of struggle without violence to defend equality and civil rights of people of African descent, he was awarded a Martin Luther King the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
Martin Luther King Day is held the third Monday of January since 1986 when then-President Ronald Reagan announced that it would be festive in the United States. However, since ‘The King Center’ and the companies and institutions are encouraged to citizens that it is not a day of doing nothing, but they devote their time to community service, and to remember the life and work of Dr King.
Martin Luther King was an activist of the Twentieth century who fought peacefully against segregation and racial discrimination in the United States. He was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia (USA South) and achieved national and international recognition after leading massive protests to defend the civil rights of people of African descent and to demand an end to discrimination.Martin Luther King was a U.S. pastor who became one of the leaders for the excellence of the movement for civil rights in the second half of the 20TH century. With his oratory and his commitment to social change through non-violence, he did dream all Americans with an egalitarian country and without racial discrimination.
He is currently considered that the values that represent King, courage, justice, truth, compassion, humility and service are an example to the world and that marked a turning point in the history of the United States.
On August 28, 1963, the activist managed to gather hundreds of thousands of people and gave his Popular “I have a dream” speech that was 50 years old in 2013 and which provoked a change in American policy. Luther King received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and was assassinated in 1968 in Memphis.
The life of the African-American pastor has been taken to film this 2014 in the biopic ‘Selma’ that narrates the three months in which Martin Luther King led the campaign for equality of vote, which culminated in the Selma March in Montgomery, Alabama.
The distribution of the tape, headed by the actress and presenter Oprah Winfrey and director Ava DuVernay have marched this weekend in the city of Selma, Alabama, to commemorate Martin Luther King day.
Next to them was also the singer John Legend who played one of the songs from the soundtrack of Selma, ‘Glory’, which won the Golden Globe for best song. A film about the African American leader also has two nominations for the Academy Awards, in the categories of best film and best song.
Ten memorable quotes from Martin Luther King Day
“If I knew that the world ends tomorrow, I, today still, return a tree”.
“I’m not black. I am a man.”
“Freedom never is voluntarily given by the oppressor; It must be demanded by who is being oppressed.”
“I have a dream, just a dream, keep dreaming. “Dream of freedom, the dream of Justice, the dream of equality and hopefully already had no need to dream of them.”
“What you get with violence, only can be kept with violence.”
“Nothing is forgotten more slowly than an offence; and nothing faster than a favour.”
“I would suffer all the humiliations, all torture, absolute ostracism and even death, to prevent violence.”
“Darkness cannot be removed us from the darkness. Only light can do that. Hate can not get us hate. Only love can do it.”
“We’ve learned to fly like birds, swim like a fish; “but we have not learned the simple art of living as brothers.”
“If I help one person to have hope, have not lived in vain.”
Martin Luther King was assassinated at point-blank range. For those of you who are black and that you feel tempted to let yourselves be carried away by the disgust and hatred for the injustice of such an act against all white men, only I can say that I feel in my heart the same feeling. But what we need in the United States is not division; What we need is not hatred, but love, wisdom and compassion towards others, and a sense of Justice to all who suffer, whether white or black. So tonight I am going to ask that you return home to say a prayer for the family of Martin Luther King Day, no doubt, but also a prayer for your country, which we all want, a prayer for understanding and compassion which I have spoken. “Let’s spend our efforts on what the Greeks wrote so many years ago: mitigation of human savagery and try to make gentle the life in this world.”
After the success of the boycott of Montgomery, King took the role of leader well-respected. Subsequently, its President was founded the Conference of Christian leaders of the South (SCLC) by a black clergy of the South, which was named King. In 1959, he left his Pastorate in Montgomery to practice in the Baptist Church of Ebenezer in Atlanta, a significant step that allows you to participate in the national leadership of the civil rights movement. At the beginning it was focused on reconciliation, now due to the black leadership suffered a radical transformation required a change ‘by any means possible’. There were some differences in ideology and jurisdiction between the SCLC and other groups (Black power and Black Muslims), but King requested that non-violence, remained the primary strategy of resistance. In 1963 was facing in Birmingham (Alabama) for a campaign in favour of civil rights to achieve the Census of black voters, ending segregation and get a better education and accommodation in the southern States. During these campaigns, he was arrested several times. On August 28, 1963, the 200,000 people who had marched on Washington in support of civil rights, heard him deliver his most famous speech: I dream of the day that this nation rises to live following his belief in the obvious truth that all men are created equal. I dream of the day when my four kids live in a nation where not will be judged by the colour of their skin but by the integrity of his character”. In 1964, they awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
After reasoning over and over again, King believed that the solution to local problems of human relationships was unfeasible due to the Viet Nam war. King strategies were challenged. In Chicago, local black Baptists opposed it publicly. Also, their demonstrators planted face bands of white members of the Ku Klux Klan, resulting in clashes. In what refers to the Viet Nam war, many believed that the black leadership should concentrate on the struggle of racial injustice within the United States. In 1967, King was associated with the leaders of the anti-war movement, regardless of colour. The further concern of King by Viet Nam and his determination to lead a ‘poor people March’ on Washington endangered his life.
On April 4, 1968, King was assassinated in Memphis (Tennessee). James Earl Ray, a white inmate who had escaped from prison, was arrested for murder. Found guilty, in March 1969 was sentenced him 99 years in jail. The place of birth and his grave in Atlanta were designated national historic sites. To commemorate the violent death April 4, 1968, civil rights, Martin Luther King Day, Jr. leader, many cities and States decreed days to remember it. Some days they coincided with the birth and others of his death. Since 1986 he chose a day close to the of his birth (15 January) as a national holiday, and Congress decreed it to be the third Monday of January.